Get access to all the ATLAS material (peer-reviewed publications, deliverables, extensive image and video collection and much more) through the ATLAS Library!

Frontiers Research Topic: Managing Deep-sea Ecosystems at Ocean Basin Scale 

Project Deliverables

All deliverables which have been approved by the EC are linked below. Those not yet approved are on the partners' area of the website only.

ATLAS Compendium of Results

Policy implications of the ATLAS project

Work Package 1

Deliverable 1.1. Lagrangian connectivity of North Atlantic ecosystems

Deliverable 1.2 Ecosystem relevant ocean flux

Deliverable 1.3 Recent AMOC and N Atlantic gyre properties and dynamics

Deliverable 1.4 Deep-sea ecosystem tipping points

Deliverable 1.5 Recent MOW and N Atlantic gyre properties and dynamics

Deliverable 1.6 Biologically realistic Lagrangian connectivity

Deliverable 1.7 Physical and ecosystem fluxes in the North Atlantic

Work Package 2

Deliverable 2.1. Compilation of existing physiological data on CWC response to different conditions of food supply and oceanographic change scenarios

Deliverable 2.2. Integrated physiological experiments and models

Deliverable 2.3. Community respiration rates, biogeochemical characteristics of organic matter and fauna at ATLAS Case Study Sites

Deliverable 2.4. Water mass properties, hydrodynamic controls and mechanisms of organic matter supply in ATLAS case study areas

Deliverable 2.5. Integrative and coupled model based on hydrodynamics, biogeochemistry and physiology for the prediction of biomass and biogeochemical dynamics, projections under future oceanic conditions and marine spatial planning

Work Package 3

Deliverable 3.1 Good Environmental Status and Biodiversity Assessments

Deliverable 3.2 Water masses controls on biodiversity and biogeography

Deliverable 3.3 Biodiversity, biogeography and GOODS classification system under current climate conditions and future IPCC scenarios

Deliverable 3.4 Conservation management issues in ATLAS Basin-scale systematic conservation planning: identifying suitable networks for VMEs protection

Deliverable 3.5 Potential and limits of metabarcoding of eDNA and qPCR

Work Package 4

Deliverable 4.1. Reproductive tissue collections for ATLAS 

Deliverable 4.2. Connectivity tissue collections for ATLAS 

Deliverable 4.3 RAD protocols for target species

Deliverable 4.4 Reproduction, dispersal and genetic connectivity in benthos and fishes

Deliverable 4.5 Integrated management considering connectivity patterns

Work Package 5

Deliverable 5.1 Inventory of Ecosystem Services in Case Study Areas 

Deliverable 5.2 Expert assessment of risks to ecosystem services from diverse human drivers in the Atlantic deep sea

Deliverable 5.3 Validity, legitimacy and acceptability of ecosystem valuations

Deliverable 5.4 Willingness to pay for conservation in the North Atlantic deep-sea ecosystems

Deliverable 5.5 Ocean monetary values to support adaptive marine spatial planning

Work Package 6

Deliverable 6.1. Marine Spatial Planning goals and operational objectives

Deliverable 6.2 Ecosystem goods and services valuation and environmental risk assessment

Deliverable 6.3 Regional marine spatial planning to support Blue Growth while accounting for climate change

Deliverable 6.4 Improving business practice and costs through data-sharing and the identification of potential mitigation measures for adaptive marine spatial planning

Work Package 7 

Deliverable 7.1. Policy Stakeholder Engagement report 

Deliverable 7.2. Report on priorities for an expert assessment of North Atlantic MPAs, EBSAs, and VMEs in ABNJ 

Deliverable 7.3 ATLAS Trans-Atlantic Conference Report

Deliverable 7.4: ATLAS Policy Brief: recognising connectivity and climate change impacts as essential elements for an effective North Atlantic MPA network

Deliverable 7.5 Industry reactions to ATLAS recommendations

Deliverable 7.6 Policy brief “Influence of valuations of ecosystem goods and
services on Atlantic marine spatial planning”

Deliverable 7.7 Policy brief “Policy opportunities and challenges for Blue Growth”

Deliverable 7.8 Report on policy implications on the governance regime for the North Atlantic and articulation with global and regional instruments resulting from changing deep-sea dynamics

Work Package 8

Deliverable 8.1. Data Management Plan 

Deliverable 8.2 18-month progress report

Deliverable 8.3 ATLAS research outputs

Deliverable 8.4 Delivery of research outputs

Work Package 9

Deliverable 9.1. Dissemination and Exploitation Plan (DEP) 

Deliverable 9.2. Dissemination Portfolio 

Deliverable 9.3 Knowledge Transfer Activity Report 1

Deliverable 9.4 ATLAS outreach educational portfolio

Deliverable 9.5 ATLAS Knowledge Transfer Activity Report 2

Work Package 10

Deliverable 10.1. Project Management Handbook Version 2 

Deliverable 10.2. Ethical Methods Statement 

Deliverable 10.3. Environmental and Animal Ethical Report No.1

Deliverable 10.4. 2nd Environmental and Animal Ethical Report

Deliverable 10.5. 3rd Environmental and Animal Ethical Report

Deliverable 10.6. 4th Envronmental and Animal Report




Peer-reviewed publications

Stay on top of ATLAS publications using “Web of Science” database! Just insert ATLAS Grant number (678760) in the “Advanced Search” (login required) and here you go!


Aanesen M, Armstrong CW (2019) Trading off co-produced ecosystem services – Natural resource industries versus other use and non-use ecosystem service values. Frontiers in Marine Science 6: 102

Afonso P et al. (2020) The Azores: A Mid-Atlantic hotspot for marine megafauna research and conservation. Frontiers in Marine Science 6: 826

Ankamah-Yeboah I et al. (2020) Public perceptions of deep-sea environment: Evidence from Scotland and Norway. Frontiers in Marine Science 7: 137

Ankamah-Yeboah I et al. (in press) Assessing public preferences for deep sea ecosystem conservation: A choice experiment in Norway and Scotland. Journal of Environmental Economics and Policy

Armstrong CW et al. (2017) Use and non-use values in an applied bioeconomic model of fisheries and habitat connections. Marine Resource Economics 32: 351-369

Armstrong CW et al. (2019) Expert assessment of risks posed by climate change and anthropogenic activities to ecosystem services in the deep North Atlantic Frontiers in Marine Science 6: 158

Armstrong CW et al. (2019) Valuing blue carbon changes in the Arctic Ocean. Frontiers in Marine Science 6: 331

Armstrong CW et al. (2019) Willingness to pay to protect cold water corals. Conservation Biology 33: 1329-1337

Ashford OS et al. (2018) Phylogenetic and functional evidence suggests that deep-ocean ecosystems are highly sensitive to environmental change and direct human disturbance. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B Biological Sciences 285: 20180923

Ashford OS et al. (2019) On the influence of vulnerable marine ecosystem habitats on peracarid crustacean assemblages in the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organisation Regulatory Area. Frontiers in Marine Science 6: 401

Ashford OS et al. (2019) Investigating the environmental drivers of deep‐seafloor biodiversity: A case study of peracarid crustacean assemblages in the Northwest Atlantic Ocean. Ecology and Evolution 9: 14167-14204

Attard KM et al. (2019) Seasonal ecosystem metabolism across shallow benthic habitats measured by aquatic eddy covariance. Limnology & Oceanography Letters 4: 79-86  

Attard KM et al. (2019) Seasonal metabolism and carbon export potential of a key coastal habitat: the perennial canopy-forming macroalga Fucus vesiculosus. Limnology & Oceanography 64: 149–164

Attard KM et al. (2020) Metabolism of a subtidal rocky mussel reef in a high-temperate setting: pathways of organic C flow. Marine Ecology Progress Series 645: 41-54

Boavida J et al. (2019) Out of the Mediterranean? Post‐glacial colonization pathways varied among cold‐water coral species. Journal of Biogeography 46: 915–931 

Boavida J et al. (2019) Past, present and future connectivity of Mediterranean cold water corals: patterns, drivers and fate in a technically and environmentally changing world. In: Orejas C, Jimenez C (eds) Mediterranean Cold-Water Corals: Past, Present and Future, Coral Reefs of the World 9, Springer International Publishing, p 357-372 

Boschen-Rose R et al. (2020) Engaging with industry to spur Blue Growth. Journal of Coastal Research 95: 835-839

Brandt MI et al. (2020) An assessment of environmental metabarcoding protocols aiming at favoring contemporary biodiversity in inventories of deep-sea communities. Frontiers in Marine Science 7: 234 

Brandt MI et al. (2020) A flexible pipeline combining clustering and correction tools for prokaryotic and eukaryotic metabarcoding. bioRxiv 717355, ver. 3 peer-reviewed and recommended by PCI Ecology.  

Brooker E et al. (2018) Scotland as a case study for how benefits of marine ecosystem services may contribute to the commercial fishing industry.  Marine Policy 93: 271-283

Canonico G et al. (2019) Global observational needs and resources for marine biodiversity. Frontiers in Marine Science 6: 367 

Carreiro-Silva M et al. (2017) Zoantharians (Hexacorallia: Zoantharia) associated with cold-water corals in the Azores Region: New species and associations in the deep sea. Frontiers in Marine Science 4: 88  

Cormier R et al. (2017) Moving from ecosystem-based policy objectives to operational implementation of ecosystem-based management measures. ICES Journal of Marine Science 74: 406–413 

Crocket KC et al. (2018) Rare Earth element distribution in the NE Atlantic: Evidence for benthic sources, longevity of the seawater signal, and biogeochemical cycling. Frontiers in Marine Science 5: 147  

De Clippele LH et al. (2017) Using novel acoustic and visual mapping tools to predict the small-scale spatial distribution of live biogenic reef framework in cold-water coral habitats. Coral Reefs 36: 255–268.  

De Clippele LH et al. (2018) The effect of local hydrodynamics on the spatial extent and morphology of cold-water coral habitats at Tisler Reef, Norway. Coral Reefs 37: 253–266

De Clippele LH et al. (2019) The diversity and ecological role of non-scleractinian corals (Antipatharia and Alcyonacea) on Scleractinian cold-water coral mounds. Frontiers in Marine Science 6: 184

De Clippele LH et al. (2021) Mapping cold-water coral biomass: an approach to derive ecosystem functions. Coral Reefs 40: 215-231  

De Clippele LH et al. (2021) The future of our seas: marine scientists and creative professionals collaborate for science communication. Research For All 5: 134-156

De Froe E et al. (2019) Benthic oxygen and nitrogen exchange on a cold-water coral reef in the North-East Atlantic Ocean. Frontiers in Marine Science 6: 665

Diz D et al. (2018) Mainstreaming marine biodiversity into the SDGs: The role of other effective area-based conservation measures (SDG 14.5). Marine Policy 93: 251-261 

Dominguez-Carrió C et al. (2021) A cost‐effective video system for a rapid appraisal of deep‐sea benthic habitats: the Azor drift‐cam.Methods in Ecology and Evolution 

Durán Muñoz P et al. (2020) Cold-water corals and deep-sea sponges by-catch mitigation: Dealing with groundfish survey data in the management of the northwest Atlantic Ocean high seas fisheries. Marine Policy 116: 103712

Farrell ED et al. (2016) Next Gen Pop Gen: implementing a high-throughput approach to population genetics in boarfish (Capros aper). Royal Society Open Science 3: 160651   

Ferreira MA et al. (2018) Developing a performance evaluation mechanism for Portuguese marine spatial planning using a participatory approach. Journal of Cleaner Production 180: 913-923

Fox AD et al. (2016) Sensitivity of marine protected area network connectivity to atmospheric variability. Royal Society Open Science 3: 160494 

Fox AD et al. (2019) An efficient multi-objective optimization method for use in the design of Marine Protected Area networks. Frontiers in Marine Science 6: 17 

Frajka-Williams E et al. (2019) Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation: Observed transport and variability. Frontiers in Marine Science 6: 260  

Gaebel C et al. (2020) Recognising stakeholder conflict and encouraging consensus of 'science-based' management approaches for marine biodiversity beyond national jurisdiction (BBNJ). Frontiers in Marine Science 7: 557546 

Gallagher J et al. (2018) Mitochondrial D-loop DNA analyses of Norway Lobster (Nephrops norvegicus) reveals genetic isolation between Atlantic and East Mediterranean populations. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 99: 933–940.  

García-Alegre A et al. (2020) Seabed litter distribution in the high seas of the Flemish Pass area (NW Atlantic). Scientia Marina 84: 93-101

Gargan LM et al. (2017) Development of a sensitive detection method to survey pelagic biodiversity using eDNA and quantitative PCR: a case study of devil ray at seamounts. Marine Biology 164: 112

Gary S et al. (2020) Larval behaviour, dispersal and population connectivity in the deep sea. Scientific Reports 10: 10675

Gofas S et al. (2020) Planktotrophic Columbellidae (Gastropoda) in the northeast Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea, with description of a new species in the genus Mitrella. Bulletin of Marine Science 96: 145-168.

Goodbody-Gringley G, Waletich J (2018) Morphological plasticity of the depth generalist coral, Montastraea cavernosa, on mesophotic reefs in Bermuda. Ecology 99: 1688-1690

Grehan AJ et al. (2017) Towards ecosystem based management and monitoring of the deep Mediterranean, North-East Atlantic and beyond. Deep-Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography 145: 1-7

Gress E et al. (2017) Lionfish (Pterois spp.) invade the upper-bathyal zone in the western Atlantic. PeerJ 5: e3683

Hátún H et al. (2017) The subpolar gyre regulates silicate concentrations in the North Atlantic. Scientific Reports 7: 14576

Hebbeln D et al. (2019) The fate of cold-water corals in a changing world: a geological perspective. Frontiers in Marine Science 6: 119 

Hennige SJ et al. (2020) Crumbling reefs and cold-water coral habitat loss in a future ocean: evidence of "coralporosis" as an indicator of habitat integrity. Frontiers in Marine Science 7: 668

Henry L-A et al. (2018) Ocean sprawl facilitates dispersal and connectivity of protected species. Scientific Reports 8: 11346 

Houpert L et al. (2018) Structure and transport of the North Atlantic Current in the eastern subpolar gyre from sustained glider observations. Journal of Geophysical Research 123: 6019–6038   

Houpert L et al. (2020) Observed variability of the North Atlantic Current in the Rockall Trough from 4 years of mooring measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 125: e2020JC016403

Howell KL et al. (2019) A framework for the development of a global standardised marine taxon reference image database (SMarTaR-ID) to support image-based analyses. PLoS ONE 14: e0218904

Hynes S et al. (2020) The impact of nature documentaries on public environmental preferences and willingness to pay: entropy balancing and the blue planet II effect. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management

Hynes S et al. (2021) Entropy balancing in discrete choice analysis: The Blue Planet II effect. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management.

Ison S et al. (2021) Tourist preferences for seamount conservation in the Galapagos Marine Reserve. Frontiers in Marine Science 7: 602767   

Johnson C et al. (2020) Significance of climate indices to benthic conditions across the Northern North Atlantic and adjacent shelf seas. Frontiers in Marine Science 7: 2

Johnson DE (2019) Protecting the lost city hydrothermal vent system: All is not lost, or is it? Marine Policy 107: 103593    

Johnson DE et al. (2018) Climate change is likely to severely limit the effectiveness of deep-sea ABMTs in the North Atlantic. Marine Policy 87: 111-122        

Johnson DE, Kenchington EL (2019) Should potential for climate change refugia be mainstreamed into the criteria for describing EBSAs? Conservation Letters 12: e12634. 

Johnson DE et al. (2019) Rockall and Hatton: resolving a super wicked marine governance problem in the high seas of the Northeast Atlantic Ocean. Frontiers in Marine Science 6: 69.

Johnson DE et al. (2019) Securing effective and equitable coverage of marine protected areas: The UK's progress towards achieving Convention on Biological Diversity commitments and lessons learned for the way forward. Aquatic Conservation Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 29: 181-194

van der Kaaden A et al. (2020) Spatial self-organization as a new perspective on cold-water coral mound development. Frontiers in Marine Science 7: 631  

Kazanidis G et al. (2018) Unravelling the versatile feeding and metabolic strategies of the cold-water ecosystem engineer Spongosorites coralliophaga (Stephens, 1915). Deep-Sea Research Part I 141: 71-82

Kazanidis G et al. (2019) Distribution of deep-sea sponge aggregations in an area of multisectoral activities and changing oceanic conditions.  Frontiers in Marine Science 6: 163

Kazanidis G et al. (2020) Assessing the environmental status of selected North Atlantic deep-sea ecosystems. Ecological Indicators 119: 106624

Kazanidis G et al. (2021) Hidden structural heterogeneity enhances marine hotspots’ biodiversity. Coral Reefs

La Beur L et al. (2019) Baseline assessment of marine litter and microplastic ingestion by cold-water coral reef benthos at the East Mingulay Marine Protected Area (Sea of the Hebrides, Western Scotland). Frontiers in Marine Science 6: 80

Levin L et al. (2019) Global observing needs in the deep ocean. Frontiers in Marine Science 6: 241

Levin L et al. (2020) Climate change considerations are fundamental to management of deep-sea resource extraction. Global Change Biology 26: 4664-4678   

Long R, Chaves MR  (2015) Anatomy of a new international instrument for marine biodiversity beyond national jurisdiction: First impressions of the preparatory process. Environmental Liability - Law, Policy and Practice 6: 213-228   

Lozier MS et al. (2019) A sea change in our view of overturning in the subpolar North Atlantic. Science 363: 516-521

Morato T et al. (2018) A multi-criteria assessment method for identifying Vulnerable Marine Ecosystems in the North-East Atlantic. Frontiers in Marine Science 5: 460  

Morato T et al. (2020) Climate‐induced changes in the suitable habitat of cold‐water corals and commercially important deep‐sea fishes in the North Atlantic. Global Change Biology 26: 2181-2202

Morato T et al. (2020) Editorial: The Azores marine ecosystem: An open window into North Atlantic open ocean and deep-sea environments. Frontiers in Marine Science 7: 601798 

Morato T et al. (2021) North Atlantic basin-scale multi-criteria assessment database to inform effective management and protection of Vulnerable Marine Ecosystems. Frontiers in Marine Science 8: 637078  

Mosquera Gimenez A et al. (2019) Ocean circulation over North Atlantic underwater features in the path of the Mediterranean Outflow Water: The Ormonde and Formigas Seamounts, and the Gazul Mud Volcano. Frontiers in Marine Science 6: 702 

Murray F et al. (2018) Data challenges and opportunities for environmental management of North Sea oil and gas decommissioning in an era of blue growth. Marine Policy 97: 130-138 

Niner HJ et al. (2018) Deep-sea mining with no net loss of biodiversity - an impossible aim. Frontiers in Marine Science 5: 53

Orejas C, Jiménez C (2017) The builders of the oceans – Part I: Coral architecture from the tropics to the poles, from the shallow to the deep. In: Rossi S, Bramanti L, Gori A, Orejas C (eds) Marine Animal Forests. Springer International Publishing, p 627-655

Orejas C, Jiménez C (2019) An introduction to the research on Mediterranean cold-water corals. In: Orejas C, Jiménez C (eds) Mediterranean Cold-Water Corals: Past, Present and Future, Coral Reefs of the World 9. Springer International Publishing AG, p 3-12 

Orejas C et al. (2019) Cold-water coral in aquaria: advances and challenges. A focus on the Mediterranean. In: Orejas C, Jiménez C (eds) Mediterranean Cold-Water Corals: Past, Present and Future, Coral Reefs of the World 9. Springer International Publishing, p 435-582 

Orejas C et al. (2020) Towards a common approach to the assessment of the environmental status of deep-sea ecosystems in areas beyond national jurisdiction. Marine Policy 104182

Palomino D et al. (2016) Evidencias de expulsión de fluidos en el complejo Hespérides en el talud medio del Golfo de Cádiz. Geotemas 16: 327-330

Petit T et al. (2020) Atlantic Deep Water formation occurs primarily in the Iceland Basin and Irminger Sea by local buoyancy forcing. Geophysical Research Letters 47: e2020GL091028

Puerta P et al. (2020) Influence of water masses on the biodiversity and biogeography of deep-sea benthic ecosystems in the North Atlantic. Frontiers in Marine Science 7: 239

Rakka M et al (2019) First description of polyp bail-out in cold-water octocorals under aquaria maintenance. Coral Reefs 38: 15-20

Rakka M et al (2020) Feeding biology of a habitat-forming antipatharian in the Azores Archipelago. Coral Reefs. 

Ramalho LV et al. (2018) Three species of Reteporella (Bryozoa: Cheilostomata) in a diapiric and mud volcano field of the Gulf of Cádiz, with the description of Reteporella victori n. sp. Zootaxa 4375: 90-104

Ramalho LV et al. (2020) Bryozoa from deep-sea habitats of the northern Gulf of Cadiz (Northeastern Atlantic). Zootaxa 4768: 451-478

Ramalho LV et al. (2020) Bryozoans from Chella Bank (Seco de los Olivos), with the description of a new species and some new records for the Mediterranean Sea. Marine Biodiversity 50: 106

Ramiro-Sánchez B et al. (2019) Characterization and mapping of a deep-sea sponge ground on the Tropic Seamount (Northeast Tropical Atlantic): Implications for spatial management in the High Seas. Frontiers in Marine Science 6: 278

Rodil IF et al. (2019) Towards a sampling design for characterizing habitat-specific benthic biodiversity related to oxygen flux dynamics using Aquatic Eddy Covariance. PLoS ONE 14: e0211673      

Rogers AD (2018) The biology of seamounts: 25 Years on. Advances in Marine Biology 79: 137-224. 

Rogers AD (2019) Threats to seamount ecosystems and their management. In: Sheppard C (ed) World Seas: An Environmental Evaluation, Vol III: Ecological Issues and Environmental Impacts. Elsevier Ltd, p 427-451

Rossi S et al. (2017) Animal forests of the world: An overview. In: Rossi S, Bramanti L, Gori A, Orejas C (eds) Marine Animal Forests. Springer International Publishing, p 1-28

Rovelli L et al. (2017) Reach-scale river metabolism across contrasting sub-catchment geologies: Effect of light and hydrology. Limnology and Oceanography 62: S381-S399

Rovelli L et al. (2018) Headwater gas exchange quantified from O2 mass balances at the reach scale. Limnology and Oceanography: Methods 16: 696-709

Rovelli L et al. (2019) Benthic primary production and respiration of shallow rocky habitats: a case study from South Bay (Doumer Island, Western Antarctic Peninsula) Polar Biology 42: 1459–1474 

Rueda JL et al. (2019) Cold-water coral associated fauna in the Mediterranean Sea and adjacent areas. In: Orejas C, Jiménez C (eds) Mediterranean Cold-Water Corals: Past, Present and Future, Coral Reefs of the World 9. Springer International Publishing, p 295-333 

Sampaio Í et al. (2016) New name for the soft coral Alcyonium rubrum Stokvis & van Ofwegen, 2006 (Alcyonacea, Alcyoniidae): Alcyonium burmedju nom. n. ZooKeys 619: 163-165. 

Sampaio Í et al. (2019) Census of Octocorallia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) of the Azores (NE Atlantic) with a nomenclature update. Zootaxa 4550: 451-498. 

Sampaio Í et al. (2019) Natural history collections as a basis for sound biodiversity assessments: Plexauridae (Octocorallia, Holaxonia) of the Naturalis CANCAP and Tyro Mauritania II expeditions. Zookeys 870: 1-32

Schulz K et al. (2020) Linking large-scale circulation patterns to the distribution of cold water corals along the eastern Rockall Bank (northeast Atlantic). Journal of Marine Systems 212: 103456

Smith CR et al. (2020) Deep-sea misconceptions cause underestimation of seabed-mining impacts. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 35: 853-857

Smith CR et al. (2021) Environmental protection requires accurate application of scientific evidence. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 36: 14-15  

Soetaert K et al. (2016) Ecosystem engineering creates a direct nutritional link between 600-m deep cold-water coral mounds and surface productivity. Scientific Reports 6: 35057

Spooner P et al. (2020) Exceptional 20th century ocean circulation in the Northeast Atlantic. Geophysical Research Letters 47: e2020GL087577.

Stefanoudis P et al. (2019) Depth-dependent structuring of reef fish assemblages from the shallows to the rariphotic zone. Frontiers in Marine Science 6: 939

Stefanoudis P et al. (2019) Low connectivity between shallow, mesophotic and rariphotic zone benthos. Royal Society Open Science 6: 190958

Stefanoudis P et al. (2019) Changes in zooplankton communities from epipelagic to lower mesophotic waters. Marine Environmental Research 146: 1-11

Stratmann T et al. (2020) The BenBioDen database, a global database for meio-, macro- and megabenthic biomass and densities. Scientific Data 7: 206  

Sweetman A et al. (2017) Major impacts of climate change on deep-sea benthic ecosystems. Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene 5: 4

Taylor ML, Roterman CN (2017) Invertebrate population genetics across Earth's largest habitat: The deep-sea floor. Molecular Ecology 26: 4872–4896

Thornalley DJR et al. (2018) Anomalously weak Labrador Sea convection and Atlantic overturning during the past 150 years. Nature 556: 227-230

Tinch R (2018) Debating nature’s value: The role of monetary valuation.. In: Anderson V (ed) Debating Nature’s Value. Springer, p 39-47

Tinch R et al. (2019) Economic valuation of ecosystem goods and services: a review for decision makers. Journal of Environmental Economics and Policy 8: 359-378

Urra J et al. (2021) Deep-sea habitat characterization using acoustic data and underwater imagery in Gazul mud volcano (Gulf of Cádiz, NE Atlantic). Deep-Sea Research Part I 169: 103458

Utrilla O et al. (2020) Molluscs from benthic habitats of the Gazul mud volcano (Gulf of Cadiz). Scientia Marina 84 

Vad J et al. (2017) Assessing the living and dead proportions of cold-water coral colonies: implications for deep-water Marine Protected Area monitoring in a changing ocean. PeerJ 5: e3705

Vad J et al. (2018) Potential impacts of offshore oil and gas activities on deep-sea sponges and the habitats they form. Advances in Marine Biology 79: 33-60

Vad J et al. (2020) Environmental controls and anthropogenic impacts on deep-sea sponge grounds in the Faroe-Shetland Channel, NE Atlantic: the importance of considering spatial scale to distinguish drivers of change.  ICES Journal of Marine Science 77: 451-461 

Vad J et al. (2020) Soaking up the oil: Biological impacts of dispersants and crude oil on the sponge Halichondria panicea. Chemosphere 257: 127109

Van den Beld IMJ et al. (2017) Cold-water coral habitats in submarine canyons of the Bay of Biscay. Frontiers in Marine Science 4: 117 

Van Der Grient J, Rogers AD (2019) Habitat structure as an alternative explanation for body-size patterns in the deep sea. Ecosphere 10: e02900

Van Dover CL et al. (2018) Scientific rationale and international obligations for protection of active hydrothermal vent ecosystems from deep-sea mining. Marine Policy 90: 20-28

Van der Kaaden A et al. (2020) Spatial self-organization as a new perspective on cold-water coral mound development. Frontiers in Marine Science 7: 631   

Van Engeland T et al. (2019) Cabled ocean observatory data reveal food supply mechanisms to a cold-water coral reef. Progress in Oceanography 172: 51-64

Van Haren H et al. (2019) Internal wave observations off Saba bank. Frontiers in Marine Science 5: 528 

Van Oevelen et al. (2018) Niche overlap between a cold-water coral and an associated sponge for isotopically-enriched particulate food sources. PLoS ONE 13: e0194659

Woodall et al. (2018) A multidisciplinary approach for generating globally consistent data on mesophotic, deep-pelagic, and bathyal biological communities. Oceanography 31: 76-89 

Wright G et al. (2018) Marine spatial planning in areas beyond national jurisdiction. IDDRI ISSUE BRIEF 8

Wright G et al. (2019) Marine spatial planning in areas beyond national jurisdiction. Marine Policy

Xuan BB et al. (2021) Valuing high seas ecosystem conservation. Conservation Biology