Frontiers Research Topic: Managing Deep-sea Ecosystems at Ocean Basin Scale 

New ATLAS Compendium of Results 

Project Deliverables

All deliverables which have been approved by the EC are linked below. Those not yet approved are on the partners' area of the website only.

Work Package 1

Deliverable 1.1. Lagrangian connectivity of North Atlantic ecosystems 

Deliverable 1.3 Recent AMOC and N Atlantic gyre properties and dynamics

Deliverable 1.4 Deep-sea ecosystem tipping points

Deliverable 1.5 Recent MOW and N Atlantic gyre properties and dynamics

Deliverable 1.6 Biologically realistic Lagrangian connectivity

Work Package 2

Deliverable 2.1. Compilation of existing physiological data on CWC response to different conditions of food supply and oceanographic change scenarios 

Work Package 3

Deliverable 3.1 Good Environmental Status and Biodiversity Assessments

Deliverable 3.2 Water masses controls on biodiversity and biogeography

Work Package 4

Deliverable 4.1. Reproductive tissue collections for ATLAS 

Deliverable 4.2. Connectivity tissue collections for ATLAS 

Deliverable 4.3 RAD protocols for target speciesRAD protocols for target species

Work Package 5

Deliverable 5.1 Inventory of Ecosystem Services in Case Study Areas 

Deliverable 5.2 Expert assessment of risks to ecosystem services from diverse human drivers in the Atlantic deep sea 

Work Package 6

Deliverable 6.1. Marine Spatial Planning goals and operational objectives 

Work Package 7 

Deliverable 7.1. Policy Stakeholder Engagement report 

Deliverable 7.2. Report on priorities for an expert assessment of North Atlantic MPAs, EBSAs, and VMEs in ABNJ 

Deliverable 7.3 ATLAS Trans-Atlantic Conference Report

Deliverable 7.4: ATLAS Policy Brief: recognising connectivity and climate change impacts as essential elements for an effective North Atlantic MPA network

Work Package 8

Deliverable 8.1. Data Management Plan 

Deliverable 8.2 18-month progress report

Work Package 9

Deliverable 9.1. Dissemination and Exploitation Plan (DEP) 

Deliverable 9.2. Dissemination Portfolio 

Deliverable 9.3 Knowledge Transfer Activity Report 1

Deliverable 9.4 ATLAS outreach educational portfolio

Deliverable 9.5 ATLAS Knowledge Transfer Activity Report 2

Work Package 10

Deliverable 10.1. Project Management Handbook Version 2 

Deliverable 10.2. Ethical Methods Statement 

Deliverable 10.3. Environmental and Animal Ethical Report No.1

Deliverable 10.4. 2nd Environmental and Animal Ethical Report

Deliverable 10.5. 3rd Environmental and Animal Ethical Report

Deliverable 10.6. 4th Envronmental and Animal Report



In addition to peer-reviewed publications, ATLAS has contributed to several reports.

ATLAS Policy Brief - Changing Ocean State and its Impact on Natural Capital Authors: Peter Spooner, David Thornalley, Stuart Cunningham, J Murray Roberts.

ATLAS response to the Environmental Audit Committee of the UK Government's Consultation on Sustainable Seas Lead author Rachel Boschen-Rose, with contributions received from Alan Fox, David Johnson, Georgios Kazanidis, Murray Roberts, Peter Spooner, David Thornalley and Phillip Weaver.

ATLAS Submission to the International Seabed Authority regarding draft regulations for exploitation Lead author Rachel Boschen-Rose, with contributions received from David Johnson, Sophie Arnaud-Haond, Dick van Oevelen, Anthony Grehan, Murray Roberts & Alex Rogers.

Eds: Eigaard, Van Hoey, Van Kooten (2020) ICES. Working Group on Fisheries Benthic Impact and Trade-offs (WGFBIT; outputs from 2019 meeting). ICES Scientific Reports. 2:6. 101 pp. (Georgios Kazanidis co-author)

Ed Robson L (2019) ICES. 2019. ICES/NAFO Joint Working Group on Deep-water Ecology (WGDEC). ICES Scientific Reports. 1:56. 119 pp. (6 ATLAS partners are co-authors)

ATLAS Response to the Scottish Government’s Proposal to designate a Deep Sea Marine Reserve in Scottish waters can be found here. Contributing authors: Georgios Kazanidis (Lead), J Murray Roberts, Lea-Anne Henry, David Johnson, Christine Gaebel, Laurence De Clippele, Johanne Vad, Tom Grove, Seb Hennige

ATLAS contribution to IUCN Comments on the United Nations BBNJ Draft Text Contributing authors Léa Badoz, Abbe Brown, Minna Epps, Christine Gaebel (ATLAS Project), Serge Garcia, Kristina Gjerde, Harriet Harden-Davies, Marcel Jaspars, Joanna Mossop, Penelope Nevill, Cymie Payne, Lydia Slobodian, Despina Symons. This document fed into Textual Proposals Submitted by Delegations Prepared by UNDOALOS.

Peer-reviewed papers;

Aanesen and Armstrong (2019) Trading off co-produced ecosystem services – Natural resource industries versus other use and non-use ecosystem service values. Frontiers in Marine Science 6:102

Afonso P et al. (2020) The Azores: A Mid-Atlantic Hotspot for Marine Megafauna Research and Conservation. Frontiers in Marine Science 6:826

Ankamah-Yeboah I et al. (2020) Public Perceptions of Deep-Sea Environment: Evidence from Scotland and Norway. Frontiers in Marine Science 7:137

Armstrong C W et al. (2017) Use and Non-Use Values in an Applied Bioeconomic Model of Fisheries and Habitat Connections. Marine Resource Economics 

Armstrong C W et al. (2019) Expert assessment of risks posed by climate change and anthropogenic activities to ecosystem services in the deep North Atlantic Frontiers in Marine Science 6:158

Armstrong C W et al. (2019) Valuing blue carbon changes in the Arctic Ocean. Frontiers in Marine Science 6:331

Armstrong C W et al. (2019) Willingness to pay to protect cold water corals. An economic argument for inclusive ocean governance. Conservation Biology 33 (6)

Ashford O S et al. (2018) Phylogenetic and functional evidence suggests that deep-ocean ecosystems are highly sensitive to environmental change and direct human disturbance. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B Biological Sciences 285 Proc. R. Soc. B

Ashford O S et al. (2019) On the influence of vulnerable marine ecosystem habitats on peracarid crustacean assemblages in the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organisation Regulatory Area. Frontiers in Marine Science 6:401

Ashford O et al. (2019) Investigating the environmental drivers of deep‐seafloor biodiversity: A case study of peracarid crustacean assemblages in the Northwest Atlantic Ocean. Ecology and Evolution 2019;00: 1–38

Attard K M et al. (2018) Seasonal metabolism and carbon export potential of a key coastal habitat: the perennial canopy-forming macroalga Fucus vesiculosus. Limnology & Oceanography 64, 1:149-164

Boavida J et al. (2019) Out of the Mediterranean? Post‐glacial colonization pathways varied among cold‐water coral species Journal of Biogeography 2019; 46:915–931

Boavida J et al. (2019) Chapter: Past, present and future connectivity of Mediterranean Cold Water Corals: patterns, drivers and fate in a technically and environmentally changing world. In book: Past, Present and Future of Mediterranean Cold-Water Corals, Eds C Orejas & C Jiménez, Springer

Boschen-Rose et al. (2020) Engaging with Industry to Spur Blue Growth. Journal of Coastal Research 95:835-839. 

Canonico et al. (2019) Global Observational Needs and Resources for Marine Biodiversity. Frontiers in Marine Science

Carreiro-Silva M et al. (2017) Zoantharians (Hexacorallia: Zoantharia) Associated with Cold-Water Corals in the Azores Region: New Species and Associations in the Deep Sea. Frontiers in Marine Science 

Cormier R et al. (2016) Moving from ecosystem-based policy objectives to operational implementation of ecosystem-based management measures. ICES Journal of Marine Science

Crocket K C et al. (2018) Rare Earth Element distribution in the NE Atlantic: Evidence for benthic sources, longevity of the seawater signal, and biogeochemical cycling. Frontiers in Marine Science

De Clippele L H et al. (2016) Using novel acoustic and visual mapping tools to predict the small-scale spatial distribution of live biogenic reef framework in cold-water coral habitats. Coral Reefs    

De Clippele L H et al. (2017) The effect of local hydrodynamics on the spatial extent and morphology of cold-water coral habitats at Tisler Reef, Norway. Coral Reefs

De Clippele L H et al. (2019) The Diversity and Ecological Role of Non-scleractinian Corals (Antipatharia and Alcyonacea) on Scleractinian Cold-Water Coral Mounds Frontiers in Marine Science

De Froe E et al. (2019) Benthic Oxygen and Nitrogen Exchange on a Cold-Water Coral Reef in the North-East Atlantic Ocean. Frontiers in Marine Science 6:665

Diz D et al. (2017) Mainstreaming marine biodiversity into the SDGs: The role of other effective area-based conservation measures (SDG 14.5). Marine Policy 

Durán Muñoz P et al. (2019) Cold-water corals and deep-sea sponges by-catch mitigation: Dealing with groundfish survey data in the management of the northwest Atlantic Ocean high seas fisheries. Marine Policy

Farrell E D et al. (2016) Next Gen Pop Gen: implementing a high-throughput approach to population genetics in boarfish (Capros aper). Royal Society Open Science   

Ferreira M A et al. (2018) Developing a performance evaluation mechanism for Portuguese marine spatial planning using a participatory approach. Journal of Cleaner Production, 180: 913-923.

Fox A D et al. (2016) Sensitivity of marine protected area network connectivity to atmospheric variability. Royal Society Open Science 

Fox A D et al. (2019) An Efficient Multi-Objective Optimization Method for Use in the Design of Marine Protected Area Networks. Frontiers in Marine Science

Frajka-Williams E et al. (2019) Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation: Observed Transport and Variability. Frontiers 

Gallagher J et al. (2018) Mitochondrial D-loop DNA analyses of Norway Lobster (Nephrops norvegicus) reveals genetic isolation between Atlantic and East Mediterranean populations. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 1-8 

García-Alegre A et al. (2020) Seabed litter distribution in the high seas of the Flemish Pass area (NW Atlantic). Scientia Marina 84(1): 93-101

Gargan L M et al. (2017) Development of a sensitive detection method to survey pelagic biodiversity using eDNA and quantitative PCR: a case study of devil ray at seamounts. Marine Biology 164:112

Gary S et al. (2020) Larval behaviour, dispersal and population connectivity in the deep sea. Scientific Reports 10:10675. 

Gress E et al. (2017) Lionfish (Pterois spp.) invade the upper-bathyal zone in the western Atlantic. PeerJ 5:e3683  

Hátún H et al. (2017) The subpolar North Atlantic is losing its silicate Nature Scientific Reports 7

Hebbeln D et al. (2019) The fate of cold-water corals in a changing world: a geological perspective. Frontiers in Marine Science

Henry L-A et al. (2018) Ocean sprawl facilitates dispersal and connectivity of protected species Nature Scientific Reports 8

Houpert L et al. (2018) Structure and transport of the North Atlantic Current in the eastern subpolar gyre from sustained glider observations. Journal of Geophysical Research   

Johnson C et al. (2020) The significance of basin-scale indices to bottom conditions in the North Atlantic and adjacent shelf seas Frontiers in Marine Science 7:2

Johnson D (2019) Protecting the lost city hydrothermal vent system: All is not lost, or is it? Marine Policy 107: 103593    

Johnson D et al. (2018) Climate change is likely to severely limit the effectiveness of deep-sea ABMTs in the North Atlantic. Marine Policy 87: 111-122        

Johnson D E and Kenchington E L (2019) Should potential for climate change refugia be mainstreamed into the criteria for describing EBSAs? Conservation Letters 10.1111

Johnson D et al. (2019) Rockall and Hatton: resolving a super wicked marine governance problem in the high seas of the Northeast Atlantic Ocean Frontiers 

Kazanidis G et al. (2018) Unravelling the versatile feeding and metabolic strategies of the cold-water ecosystem engineer Spongosorites coralliophaga (Stephens, 1915). Deep-Sea Research Part I 

Kazanidis G et al. (2019) Distribution of deep-sea sponge aggregations and the role of environmental variability in the Faroe-Shetland Channel.  Frontiers in Marine Science

Kenchington E et al. Species Distribution Modeling n the Deep Sea. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 3296: ix + 76 p.

La Beur, L et al. (2019) Baseline Assessment of Marine Debris and Microplastics in the East Mingulay MPA to Determine Good Environmental Status. Frontiers in Marine Science

Long R and Chaves M R  (2015) Anatomy of a new international instrument for marine biodiversity beyond national jurisdiction: First impressions of the preparatory process. Environmental Liability - Law, Policy and Practice  

Lozier M S et al. (2019) A sea change in our view of overturning in the subpolar North Atlantic. Science, 363 (6426), 516-521

Morato et al. (2020) Climate‐induced changes in the suitable habitat of cold‐water corals and commercially important deep‐sea fishes in the North Atlantic. Global Change Biology 2020; 26: 2181-2202

Murray F et al. (2018) Data challenges and opportunities for environmental management of North Sea oil and gas decommissioning in an era of blue growth. Marine Policy

Niner H J et al. (2018) Deep-sea mining with no net loss of biodiversity - an impossible aim. Frontiers in Marine Science vol. 5 article 53

Orejas C & Jiménez C (2017) Book chapter: The Builders of the Oceans – Part I: Coral Architecture from the Tropics to the Poles, from the Shadow to the Deep. In book: Marine Animal Forests, Edition: 2017, Chapter: 10, Publisher: Springer International Publishing, Editors: Sergio Rossi, Lorenzo Bramanti, Andrea Gori, Covadonga Orejas,pp. 627-655

Orejas C & Jiménez C (Eds) (2019) Book: Mediterranean Cold-Water Corals: Past, Present and Future ISBN 978-3-319-91607-1

Orejas C et al. (2019) Cold-water coral in aquaria: advances and challenges. A focus on the Mediterranean. Volume of the Springer series: Coral Reefs of the World. Book title: Mediterranean Cold-water corals: past, present and future ISBN 978-3-319-91608-8

Palomino D et al. (2016) Evidencias de expulsión de fluidos en el complejo Hespérides en el talud medio del Golfo de Cádiz. Geotemas 16:327-330

Puerta P et al. (2020) Influence of water masses on the biodiversity and biogeography of deep-sea benthic ecosystems in the North Atlantic Frontiers in Marine Science 7:239

Rakka M et al (2018) First description of polyp bail-out in cold-water octocorals under aquaria maintenance Coral Reefs

Ramalho L et al. (2018) Three species of Reteporella (Bryozoa: Cheilostomata) in a diapiric and mud volcano field of the Gulf of Cádiz, with the description of Reteporella victori n. sp. Zootaxa 4375(1): 090–104

Ramiro-Sánchez B et al. (2019) Characterization and Mapping of a Deep-Sea Sponge Ground on the Tropic Seamount (Northeast Tropical Atlantic): Implications for Spatial Management in the High Seas. Frontiers in Marine Science 6, 278          

Rogers A D (2018) Chapter Four - The Biology of Seamounts: 25 Years on. Advances in Marine Biology

Rogers A D (2018) Chapter 23: Threats to Seamount Ecosystems and Their Management. In: Sheppard C (Editor) World Seas: An Environmental Evaluation, Vol III: Ecological Issues and Environmental Impacts.

Rossi S et al. (2017) Chapter: Animal Forests of the World: An Overview. In book: Marine Animal Forests, Edition: 2017, Chapter: 1, Springer Intl Publishing, Eds: Sergio Rossi, Lorenzo Bramanti, Andrea Gori, Covadonga Orejas, pp.1-26

Rovelli L et al. (2017) Reach-scale river metabolism across contrasting sub-catchment geologies: Effect of light and hydrology.

Rovelli L et al. (2018) Headwater gas exchange quantified from O2 mass balances at the reach scale. Limnology and Oceanography: Methods

Rovelli L et al. (2019) Benthic primary production and respiration of shallow rocky habitats: a case study from South Bay (Doumer Island, Western Antarctic Peninsula) Polar Biology

Sampaio Í et al. (2016) New name for the soft coral Alcyonium rubrum Stokvis & van Ofwegen, 2006 (Alcyonacea, Alcyoniidae): Alcyonium burmedju nom. n. ZooKeys 619: 163-165  

Sampaio Í et al. (2018) Census of Octocorallia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) of the Azores (NE Atlantic) with a nomenclature update. Zootaxa.

Sampaio Í et al (2019) Natural history collections as a basis for sound biodiversity assessments: Plexauridae (Octocorallia, Holaxonia) of the Naturalis CANCAP and Tyro Mauritania II expeditions. Zookeys 870: 1-32

Soetaert K et al. (2016) Ecosystem engineering creates a direct nutritional link between 600-m deep cold-water coral mounds and surface productivity. Nature Scientific Reports. 6, 35057.

Spooner P et al. (2020) Exceptional 20th century ocean circulation in the Northeast Atlantic Geophysical Research Letters

Stefanoudis P et al. (2019) Depth-dependent structuring of reef fish assemblages from the shallows to the rariphotic zone. Frontiers in Marine Science 6:939

Stefanoudis P et al. (2019) Low connectivity between shallow, mesophotic and rariphotic zone benthos. Open Science 6:190958

Stefanoudis P et al. (2019) Changes in zooplankton communities from epipelagic to lower mesophotic waters. Marine Environmental Research 146: 1-11

Sweetman A et al. (2017) Major impacts of climate change on deep-sea benthic ecosystems. Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene, Vol. 5 (4). 

Taylor M L and Roterman C N (2017) Invertebrate population genetics across Earth's largest habitat: The deep-sea floor. Molecular Ecology. 26:4872–4896.

Thornalley D J R et al. (2018) Anomalously weak Labrador Sea convection and Atlantic overturning during the past 150 years. Nature 556, 227-230

Tinch R (2018) Chapter: 'Debating Nature’s Value: The role of monetary valuation' in book: Book: Debating Nature’s Value, eds Victor Anderson and Rupert Read 

Tinch R et al (2019) Economic valuation of environmental goods and services: a review. Journal of Environmental Economics and Policy

Utrilla O et al (2020) Molluscs from benthic habitats of the Gazul mud volcano (Gulf of Cadiz). Scientia Marina 84. 

Vad J et al. (2017) Assessing the living and dead proportions of cold-water coral colonies: implications for deep-water Marine Protected Area monitoring in a changing ocean. PeerJ 5:e3705

Vad J et al. (2018) Chapter 2: Potential impacts of offshore oil and gas activities on deep-sea sponges and the habitats they form. Advances in Marine Biology 79: 33-60 

Vad J et al. (2019) Environmental controls and anthropogenic impacts on deep-sea sponge grounds in the Faroe-Shetland Channel, NE Atlantic: the importance of considering spatial scale to distinguish drivers of change  ICES Journal of Marine Science  

Vad J et al. (2020) Soaking up the oil: biological impacts of dispersants and crude oil on the sponge Halichondria panicea. Chemosphere 2020:127109

van den Beld I M J et al. (2017) Cold-Water Coral Habitats in Submarine Canyons of the Bay of Biscay. Frontiers in Marine Science 4:117 

Van Der Grient J (2019) Habitat structure as an alternative explanation. Ecosphere 10(10):e02900

van Dover C L et al. (2018) Scientific rationale and international obligations for protection of active hydrothermal vent ecosystems from deep-sea mining. Marine Policy. 90: 20 – 28

Van Engeland et al. (2019) Cabled ocean observatory data reveal food supply mechanisms to a cold-water coral reef. Progress in Oceanography, vol 172, 51-64.

van Oevelen et al. (2018) Niche overlap between a cold-water coral and an associated sponge for isotopically-enriched particulate food sources. Plos One

Wright G et al. (2018) Marine Spatial Planning in Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction. IDDRI briefing 

Wright G et al. (2019) Marine Spatial Planning in Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction. Marine Policy.